Monday, 9 February 2015

Examples of successfully Enforced Pit Bull Type Dog Bans & BSL.

For additional accurate information on the public safety Danger of Pit Bull Type Dogs visit:

Examples of successfully Enforced Pit Bull Type Dog Bans & BSL.

Effect of BSL in Spain in reducing dog attacks:

Original article
Decline in hospitalisations due to dog bite injuries in Catalonia, 1997–2008. An effect of government regulation?
Joan R Villalbí1,2, Montse Cleries3, Susana Bouis1, Víctor Peracho1, Julia Duran1, Conrad Casas1,2
+ Author Affiliations

1Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
3Divisió de Gestió de Registres d'Activitat, Servei Català de la Salut, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

Correspondence to
Dr Joan R Villalbí, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, Pl Lesseps 1, 08023 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain;
Contributors JRV designed the study. MC provided the CMBDAH data. SB, JD and VP provided the perspective on the regulations. JRV performed the analysis and drafted the manuscript. SB and MC wrote specific sections. All authors contributed to and reviewed the final manuscript.

Accepted 21 June 2010
Published Online First 30 August 2010
Objective To analyse population-based data on hospitalisation caused by dog bite injuries after changes in legal regulations on dog ownership, including breed-specific regulations.

Design Descriptive study.

Setting Hospitals in Catalonia (Spain), 1997–2008.

Subjects Persons hospitalised with injuries caused by dog bites.

Results There has been a significant decline in hospitalisation caused by injuries from dog bites from 1.80/100000 in 1997–9 to 1.11/100000 in 2006–8, after the enactment of stricter regulations on dog ownership in 1999 and 2002. The magnitude of this change is significant (−38%), and has been greatest in less urban settings.

Conclusions Government regulations were associated with a sizable decrease in injuries caused by dog bites in Catalonia. More evaluative studies in this field may provide criteria to focus future regulations and other preventive interventions.
From the CDC (1998 report, page 4):
"Despite these limitations and concerns 
(about identifying the exact ‘breed’ of pit bull type dog responsible for a 
killing), the data indicate that Rottweilers and pit bull-type dogs accounted 
for 67% of human DBRF in the United States between 1997 and 1998.
It is extremely unlikely that they accounted for anywhere near 60% of dogs in the 
United States during that same period and, thus, there appears to be a 
breed-specific problem with fatalities." 
In June 2013, after a Bay Area child was killed by a family pit bull, San Francisco Animal Care and Control cited the decrease in pit bull bites and euthanasia since the adoption of a 2005 pit bull law.

After 12-year-old Nicholas Faibish was fatally mauled by his family's pit bulls, the city adopted a mandatory spay-neuter law for the breed. The reasoning was that fixed dogs tend to be calmer and better socialized.

Since then, San Francisco has impounded 14 percent fewer pit bulls and euthanized 29 percent fewer - which is a "significant decrease," said Rebecca Katz, director of the city's Animal Care and Control department.

Another significant indicator, she said, is that there have been 28 pit bull bites reported in the past three years - and 1,229 bites by other breeds during the same period. In the three-year period before that, there were 45 pit bull bites and 907 incidents involving other breeds.

Results of mandatory breed-specific S/N in SF: success in San Francisco, where in just eight years there was a 49% decline in the number of pit-bulls impounded, a 23% decline in the number of pit-bulls euthanized, and an 81% decline in the number of pit-bulls involved in fatal and disfiguring attacks.
When the City of Auburn debated enacting a pit bull law in January 2010, Sgt. Bill Herndon of the San Francisco Police Department weighed in about the success of San Francisco's 2005 pit bull law:

"Since requiring all pit bulls to be neutered, they say they are finding fewer pit bulls involved in biting incidents.

Sgt. Bill Herndon, of the San Francisco Police Department's vicious dog unit, said the numbers and severity of pit bull attacks are down since San Francisco enacted an ordinance in 2005 after the mauling death of 12-year-old Nicholas Faibish. 

"The number of complaints of mean pit bulls has dropped dramatically," Herndon said.
San Francisco's animal control department reports more than 30 percent fewer pit bulls at the shelter or being euthanized." 
Ed Boks, Executive director, Yavapai Humane Society (responsible Jan 2004 as director City Center for Animal Care & Control in NYC for trying to rename pit bulls New Yorkies; is pb owner)

Pit bull type dogs represent 3000% the actuarial risk compared to other types of dogs. 
Insurance companies will have calculated the risks the other listed breeds represent based on what they’ve had to pay out through the years.

This isn’t ‘prejudice’, this is cold statistical reality. Actuarial realities don’t yield to sentiment or a feeling of entitlement — they just are what they are
Doctors at University Hospital Respond
In 2011, the Annals of Surgery published a critical peer-reviewed scientific study pertaining to severe and fatal pit bull injuries (Mortality, Mauling and Maiming by Vicious Dogs, by John K. Bini, et al.), authored by doctors at San Antonio University Hospital.
In the landmark 2012 Tracey v. Solesky decision, which declared pit bulls "inherently dangerous," the highest court in Maryland cited the entire abstract of this study. The conclusions by the University Hospital doctors:

pit bull Conclusions: Attacks by pit bulls are associated with higher morbidity rates, higher hospital charges, and a higher risk of death than are attacks by other breeds of dogs. Strict regulation of pit bulls may substantially reduce the US mortality rates related to dog bites.

The majority of the San Antonio Express-News article pertains to this study and a rehearsed rehashing of the 30-year old pit bull debate.
One of the primary authors of the study, Dr. Stephen Cohn, is interviewed in the article. "We've had people that have almost lost their legs just going out for a run," 
said Dr. Stephen Cohn, a professor of surgery at the Health Science Center.
"This is a complete hazard for all of us."