Oakland residents Tim Racer and Donna Reynolds in 1999 founded BADRAP, the other anticipated cauldron of opposition to Katz’ leadership at Oakland Animal Services, “to secure the future of the American Pit Bull Terrier as a cherished family companion.”
BADRAP has promoted pit bull sterilization, and has decried the myth that pit bulls were ever a “nanny dog,” but has had difficultly persuading even BADRAP volunteers to follow the organization’s list of rules for keeping pit bulls safely. BADRAP volunteer Darla Napora, 32, was in violation of several of those rules when fatally mauled in her home in Pacifica, California on August 11, 2011 by her two-year-old non-neutered pit bull terrier Gunner, whom police shot at the scene.
To blame BADRAP alone for the national trends pertaining to pit bulls since 1999 would be unfair. Also of note is that some of the most vehement pit bull advocacy critics of Katz’ tenure in San Francisco have assailed BADRAP too.
Nonetheless, comparison of the post-BADRAP trends to Katz’s accomplishments in San Francisco may be instructive.
When BADRAP debuted, about two million pit bulls were in U.S. homes at any given time, of whom about 700,000 would be surrendered to animal shelters or impounded for dangerous behavior within a year’s time, and about 630,000 would be killed.
Currently, about 3.5 million pit bulls are in U.S. homes at any given time, of whom about one million per year are surrendered to animal shelters or impounded for dangerous behavior within a year’s time, and about 910,000 are killed.
In 1999, pit bulls were about 3% of the U.S. dog population, but accounted for 17% of shelter dog admissions.
Since 2000, pit bulls have increased to about 5% of the U.S. dog population, but were about 25% of shelter dog admissions and 50% of the dogs killed in shelters during the 10 years ending in 2009.
Pit bulls since 2010 have increased to almost a third of shelter dog admissions nationally, and more 60% of the dogs killed in shelters.
In the 17 years before BADRAP debuted, 400 pit bulls had injured at least 175 children & 166 adults, resulting in 36 fatalities and 186 disfigurements.
Post-BADRAP, more than 3,100 pit bulls have participated in injuring at least 2,300 people, including 1,200 children and 1,100 adults. These pit bull attacks have resulted in 258 fatalities and more than 1,900 disfigurements.
In the year 1999, when BADRAP debuted, 791 pit bulls were seized in dogfighting cases nationwide, up from 365 in 1998 and 95 in 1997. The post-BADRAP annual average is close to 1,000.